Why is Tajikistan imposing a costume code on its individuals?

This report and its suggestions focus primarily on violence against women by male partners and by the hands of mothers-in-regulation, and do not study the expertise of people that have survived different types of “family violence,” together with violence committed towards male or similar-sex partners, or children. With the assistance of the Ministry of Health and Social Services, Human Rights Watch visited a number of Victim Support Rooms for domestic violence survivors at hospitals in Garm and Dushanbe in July 2015 and September 2016, respectively, and spoke with some physicians and survivors who’ve utilized them. The majority of interviews had been recorded, with the interviewees’ consent, for later reference; all interviewees were given the choice to refuse having the interview recorded. The interviews were carried out with solely the interviewee, translator, and Human Rights Watch researcher present, besides in a small variety of circumstances when the interviewee’s young baby or youngsters have been current at the interviewee’s request. All interviewees were already related with native nongovernmental representatives who have some capability to assist with acquiring authorized, medical, and social providers where wanted.

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An oft-famous shortcoming of Tajik regulation, whether via the Family Violence Law or other legislation, is that it does not explicitly acknowledge home violence as a distinct https://asianbrides.org/tajikistan-women/ crime punishable beneath the regulation. Nowhere in Tajik law, including Tajikistan’s Criminal Code, is home violence criminalized as a specific crime.

At the time of publication, the Tajik authorities had not responded to Human Rights Watch’s requests. However, the deputy international minister, several ambassadors, and excessive-level representatives of the presidential administration did hold a general meeting with Human Rights Watch in Warsaw in September 2018. Additional interviews with native officers, activists, NGO employees, and representatives of international organizations offered context and details about coverage and regulation related to household violence. Human Rights Watch visited and conducted interviews in a number of women’s shelters and OSCE women’s resource facilities, amongst different places. Interviews with survivors of domestic violence have been conducted in nearly every region of Tajikistan.

996 of these filed have been complaints towards men, in contrast with 296 made against women. Only 65 felony prosecutions had been initiated underneath numerous articles of the Criminal Code. Criminal prosecutions had been declined in 1,003 circumstances, 131 cases were pending, and seventy six complaints were sent for investigation. Finally, after extra beatings and getting no assist from the police, Zebo and her kids fled from the southern metropolis of Kulob to the capital, Dushanbe, and located a shelter for survivors of domestic violence, certainly one of two in the capital and four in the complete nation of almost 9 million individuals. There, Zebo acquired medical and psychological support and legal advice on tips on how to get hold of a divorce and get well her share of marital property.

A narrative about care: how to be a girl in Tajikistan (photo slides)

tajikistan women

Gender-based mostly home violence is prevalent in Tajikistan, and is surrounded by a culture of silence. Although 20 per cent of married women have experienced emotional, bodily or sexual violence by their husbands, just one in 5 victims information a report. There is a good want to increase to domestic violence awareness in each the population and legislation enforcement staff on the National Law on the Prevention of Violence in the Family (adopted in 2013) and the corresponding State Programme.

Tajikistan ministry’s book tells women how to dress

Nargiz informed Human Rights Watch that the native district court docket didn’t rule on her petition, or even set a hearing, for greater than a 12 months after she filed. “I suspect that my husband, who’s a wealthy and influential man, might have bribed the court docket to ignore my case,” she said. While Human Rights Watch was unable to substantiate why the case was delayed, the ordeal meant that she could not see her youngsters for almost four years. Human Rights Watch requested authorities information on prosecutions and convictions in home violence instances, however at time of writing the federal government had not responded. They are sarcastically generally known as the “letter of happiness” (pis’mo schast’ya).

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Human Rights Watch phone interview with women’s rights lawyer, Dushanbe, December 17, 2018; Human Rights Watch phone interview with NGO representative, Isfara, December 18, 2018. In addition, at time of writing, the Tajik authorities had not responded to several requests by Human Rights Watch seeking information on the number of prosecutions of perpetrators of domestic violence for the reason that law was handed in 2013. Under vselenie, a divorced woman is pressured to stay in the identical house as her ex-husband and abuser, the husband’s mom and father, or different siblings and family members of her ex-husband. Human Rights Watch documented a minimum of 10 instances where the divorced spouse and multiple youngsters lived in the same house as her ex-husband along with his second or third wives. As a number of consultants and survivors identified, placing a victim of domestic violence under the identical roof as her abuser following a divorce creates enormous tension and doubtlessly will increase a woman’s susceptibility to further violence.

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But Zebo continued with the dedicated help of the ladies’s shelter. “I discovered to sow, took culinary courses, and progressively grew to become confident. I discovered that there are good people in this world in any case,” she said. Zebo eventually developed a client base for her stitching trade and earns cash together with her own enterprise in addition to working part of the time at the shelter. Still, like many women in Tajikistan, she has never been able to implement the payment of alimony, nor hold her husband criminally answerable for his rape and beatings.

Human Rights Watch interview with social employee Zuhra Z., Bokhtar, July 22, 2015. Human Rights Watch interview with international skilled, title and affiliation withheld, September 6, 2016. Human Rights Watch interview with representative of Women’s Support Center, July 22, 2015. Human Rights Watch interview with worldwide skilled, name withheld, Dushanbe, July 19, 2015; Human Rights Watch phone interview with OSCE official with OSCE Program Office Gender Unit, Dushanbe, March 26, 2019. Human Rights Watch interview with an women’s rights lawyer, Isfara, July 31, 2015.

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In 2018 and 2019, the Access to Information project labored with Vecherka to construct up its capability in multimedia journalism and audience engagement. Under the guidance, mentorship, and palms-on trainings offered by Internews, Vecherka additionally launched an info marketing campaign that advocates for the rights of women and kids with disabilities.

The nature of some early and forced marriages can lead to isolation and make in search of assist for home violence all the tougher. Mohsafar in the end stayed in an abusive relationship together with her husband for greater than 10 years until he moved to Russia and married a woman there. Mohsafar is now managing a small store in her village but struggles to pay hire.

Mahmurodova’s household was selected by group elders to participate. Not solely did her husband comply with take part when he returned from his latest stint in Russia, he steadily stopped consuming, stopped the abuse and apologised for inflicting her 22 years of pain. Women in Tajikistan are under-represented in political determination-making at all levels. In Parliament, solely 19 per cent (12 of 63) legislators are women and only two parliamentary committees and just one ministry are headed by women.